Wednesday, July 15, 2020
How to Start a Career In Psychology Student Resources Careers Print How to Start a Career In Psychology By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on July 05, 2019 Stuart Kinlough / Getty Images More in Student Resources Careers APA Style and Writing Study Guides and Tips Are you interested in a career in a psychology-related field but not quite sure where to begin? Do you have a question about psychology careers? Because there is so much diversity in the field of psychology when it comes to individual career paths, deciding where you want to go can be a daunting prospect. As you plan your way forward, it pays to do research on the different options that are available and carefully decide which area seems to be the best possible fit for your interests, needs, and goals. The following are just a few of the basic questions that many people ask when considering a career in psychology. Before you decide which path is right for you, spend some time finding answers to some of your biggest questions. Types The title of psychologist is often used as a blanket term to describe anyone who works in a psychology field, but there are actually major differences between different types of psychologists. For example, some psychologists known as clinical psychologists work with people who are experiencing psychological difficulties and perform tasks such as assessing, diagnosing, and treating these clients. Another type of psychologist is an industrial-organizational psychologist. These professionals work with businesses and other organizations to solve work-related issues. They might focus on designed safe and efficient work spaces or creating organizational structures that maximize productivity and efficiency. So how do you determine which type of psychologist you might want to be? One way to begin is to consider the general type of psychology you might want to practice and where you want to work. If you are interested in helping people improve their lives directly, you might want to consider a career in mental health or in an applied area outside of mental health. If you are more interested in researching how people think and behave, then you might want to consider a career in an experimental field. Specialty Areas Once you have a better idea of which types of psychologist you might like to be, you can then focus your career-planning on the specialty area that seems the most suited to your goals and interests. One of the greatest things about psychology is that there are so many different career paths to choose from. Whether you are fascinated by research or interested in applying psychological theories in the real world, there is bound to be an area that is perfect for your interests. Just a few of the specific specialty areas in psychology include clinical psychology, educational psychology, industrial-organizational psychology, and social psychology. Start by exploring the different specialty areas in psychology to learn more. Kind of Work Performed Psychologists work in a wide range of professional areas. Even psychologists working in the same specialty area may find that their specific duties vary widely. This is because the nature of psychology work can vary tremendously depending on exactly where a professional is employed, the needs of their employer, and the needs of the populations they serve. Mental health, academics, and research are just some of the major areas of interest a psychologist might pursue. Many psychologists also work in applied settings like ergonomics and human factors. Psychologists are also well suited to work in business, government, education, and mental health. Discover more about the nature of psychology work and what it is really like to be a psychologist. Work Environment How a psychologist spends each day and under what type of working conditions are both affected largely by exactly where the professional is employed. For example, many psychologists work at colleges and universities, while others work in prisons, hospitals, or private practices. Some work individually with clients while others treat patients with a team of professionals. Before you decide on a career in psychology, spend some time thinking about where you might like to work one day. Understanding where different psychologists work is important, so spend some time learning more about the working conditions of psychologists. Earnings While a study by the National Association of Colleges and Employers found that psychology graduates had the lowest starting pay of any field ($30,000), it is important to remember that earnings and salaries of psychologists vary widely depending on education level, experience, and specialization. In their Occupational Outlook Handbook, the U.S. Department of Labor reports that the median annual earnings for psychologists was $72,580 as of 2015. If youve ever considered a career in psychology, then you probably should spend a little time investigating the typical earnings and salaries of psychologists. While it is important to note that salary should not be your only consideration when selecting a career path, it is important to be aware of what you can expect to make when entering any profession. It is important to note that those who earn a masters or doctoral degree in psychology have a much higher earning potential than those who hold a bachelors degree. Education and Training Just how long does it take to become a psychologist? The answer depends on a lot of factors including which specialty area you plan on going into. It is also important to note that there are a number of career options available for those with doctoral, masters, and bachelorâs degrees in psychology. Before you pick a specialty area, it pays to figure out the training and qualifications youll need to work in that field. For example, if you are interested in becoming a clinical psychologist, you will need to first earn a bachelors degree in psychology (which usually takes 4 to 5 years) before earning a doctorate degree (which then takes an additional 4 to 7 years). Once you have completed your graduate training, you will then need to complete a period of supervised training ass well as pass state licensing exams in order to become licensed to practice in your state. If, however, you were planning to become an experimental psychologist, you would probably begin by earning your bachelors degree in psychology before enrolling in a masters or doctorate program devoted to research and experimental study. A masters degree may take 2 to 3 years of study which may then be followed by an additional 2 to 3 years in a doctoral program. In some cases, you may go directly from a bachelors program into a doctoral program which generally takes 4 to 5 years to complete. Depending upon your program path, you will likely have to complete original research and present a masters thesis or doctoral dissertation before earning your degree. Demand Outlook The U.S. Department of Labor predicts that the demand for psychologists will grow by 19 percent through the year 2024, a rate that is much faster than the average for all professions in the United States. However, they also note that growth will vary depending upon specialty area. Specialty areas including clinical psychologists, school psychologists, and industrial-organizational psychologist are expected to be in high demand over the coming years. When you are considering a career path, it is always a good idea to understand the possible job outlook before you commit. After all, you want to ensure that there will be a demand for your skills and services once you graduate and enter the workforce. Bachelors Degree So what sort of potential is there for those who want to work in a psychology-related profession but are not interested in going to graduate school? While those with an undergraduate degree will not enjoy the same job demand and salary that those with advanced degrees encounter, there are still plenty of things that you can do with a bachelors-level degree. There are a number of different entry-level jobs for college graduates with a bachelors degree. However, it is important to note that options tend to be more limited at the undergraduate level. Undergraduate education in psychology helps students develop skills that are important in a variety of careers. Graduate Degree Earning a graduate degree in psychology can open a lot of door in terms of career selection, salary, and opportunity for advancement. Those with graduate degrees are usually more in demand and may have an easier time finding employment in their chosen specialty area. Salaries also tend to be much higher at this level, although there is considerable variation based on the area of employment, years of experience, and geographic location. It is also important to note that with many careers, such as clinical and counseling psychology, having a graduate degree is actually a requirement for becoming licensed. Which Career Is Right for You? As you have seen, there are a lot of different options to choose from when you are selecting a career in psychology. If you are still unsure of where you might fit, you might want to take a quick quiz to get a general idea of where to begin your career planning. Psychology is a diverse field with a wide range of career options, so a little planning now can help you find a specialty area that is perfect for you.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
Part One A) The general nature of the funeral business is to some degree incredibly uncertain. There is no guaranteed way of forecasting future work as there is no guarantee that death rates in the area will remain the same year on year due to various factors e.g. general health in the area, local disasters, poverty rates etc. For the purpose of this report the focus will not be on the funeral business as a whole but on one area of sales Ã¢â¬â monumental masonry. The nature of customer demand Ã¢â¬â volume, variety and uncertainty Month on month the monumental masonry side of the business will complete, on average, 40 monumental orders Ã¢â¬â 75% of this work will be new work that has come from funerals that the business has recentlyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This generally works by use of medium term capacity planning whereby using historical data and current number of funerals to be carried out the manager can somewhat anticipate the demand and therefore ensure that current work is completed in time so that there will not be a back log of orders. However due to fluctuations in demand short term capacity adjustments will sometimes have to be made to ensure that work is carried out at a quicker rate in during the busier periods (in this case December). When fluctuations in demand occur to a level that the business cannot cope with then the work will be sub-contracted to another business to help cope with said demand. This also helps in keeping the costs of staff down, momentary fluctuations in demand will not require the use of extra/temporary staff if the work can be completed elsewhere to the same standard of quality. The weather can create problems in terms of fixing monuments in the required cemetery/churchyard, particularly during the winter months. Therefore it is expected that if the weather has been particularly bad on some days and the process of fixing monuments couldShow MoreRelatedIntroduction of Toyota Motor Corporation1417 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageseleventh largest revenues in the globe, and representing the third largest automobile manufacturer in the world, after General Motors and the German group Volkswagen (Crown Motors). Toyota is nowadays a leading retailer throughout the world, especially within the United States, and this leading position has been attained due to the companys increased ability to understand the needs of the market and adapt to them. Throughout this project then, the emphasis would be placed on the identification of theRead MoreEssay about Cisco Systems1278 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCOMPANY CASE Cisco Systems: Solving Business Problems Through Collaboration 1. Discuss the nature of the market structure and the demand for CiscoÃ¢â¬â¢s products. The nature of the market structure and demand of Cisco Systems is its business market which contains fewer but larger companies. For Cisco Systems, this implies that even though they have fewer clients than other companies, they still have a good and profitable relationship with their clients. For the customers of Cisco Systems, thisRead MorePros and Cons of Chase Strategy Implementation834 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesin its application. Many companies experience variable demand for their products. In many instances, production and sales are cyclical in nature. The retail industry is notorious for the cyclical nature of its business. In many companies within the industry, sales tend to rapidly increase during the holiday gift giving season. Likewise, during the periods of June through August, sales tend to languish. This concept is also noticeable in products that have seasonal demand patterns, such as snow blowersRead MoreA Note on Reverse Logistics1584 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesparticularly useful within the retail industry as consumers often return merchandise that doesnt meet customer specifications. In many of these instances, the company must have procedures in place to process returns in both a timely and orderly fashion. Reverse logistics can be expanded to all activity associated with a product or service after the point of sale. The goal of reverse logistics is to ultimately optimize or make more efficient aftermarket activity, thus saving the company money and resourcesRead MoreCompetitor Analysis : Marketing Planning Process1406 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesproducts, extensions, electrical goods, furniture etc. In short, a supplyer of all that is needed to drive a professional hairdressing salon. Since the establishment of the company in the 90 s Coss has assembled the world s largest brands within hair products and hairdressing articles in the warehouse in Odense. With JUUCEÃ ® the company have added their own unique series to the range of products. A series with everything you need for the professional hair care and products that will exclusively be soldRead MoreInternal Factor Evaluation ( Ife ) Matrix1164 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstrategic management tool used to evaluate internal strengths and weaknesses of PepsiCo. The strengths of the company are measured using a numerical rating of 4-major strength or 3-minor strength and the weaknesses are measured using 2-minor weakness or 1-major weakness. Given the ratings listed on the matrix, PepsiCo receives a total weighted score of 2.93 out of a total available score of 4. The company surpasses the average score of 2.50 by .43 points suggesting a strong internal position. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreGlobal Automobile Industry in 20091416 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbetween established car makers set the stage for some to successfully survive the global recession while others were forced to seek Chapter 11 bankruptcy. A closer consideration of the impact of consolidation, demand and supply, fixed costs, product differentiation, and exit barriers on rivalry within the industry reveals how new entrants and weaker competitors were able to take advantage of environmental opportunities during the recession and gain profit shares. These considerations illustrate the criticalRead MoreThe Measurement Of Service Quality1615 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof a capacity with respect to its customers and suppliers. Facility location is a strategic decision because it is a long-term commitment of resources that cannot easily or inexpensively be changed. Location conditions are complex and each comprises a different Characteristic of a tangible (i.e. Freight rates, production cos ts) and non-tangible (i.e. reliability, Frequency security, quality) nature. When evaluating a location, EE management should consider customer convenience, the initial investmentRead MoreSupply and Demand Easyjet1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSupply, Demand and Easyjet The Marketing Mix is the name given to the elements which are the key components which a marketing plan should be based upon. Typically in Marketing literature there are four elements: price, place, promotion and product, however this is now sometimes expanded to incorporate another 3 elements: people, physical evidence and process. Pricing policy is clearly very important to the marketing mix and is affected by variables such as firmÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives, the nature of competitionRead MoreSwot Analysis Of Allstar Brands1042 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCompetitors, Customers, Collaborators, and Company. To begin the situational analysis, it is critical to ask, Where are we now? The situational analysis will allow for our company to understand the current situation further and make better informed decisions for the future when discussing our marketing strategy. After the marketing strategy has been discussed, the marketing mix will be a direct result of those marketing strategies created. Our company must make an effort to understand the customer and
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In social networking sites, other than communicating with existing friends, people can find and make friends with other people with similar interests or from the same school or company etc. Mobile social networking servicesto connect to their social communities with a mobile device, through one or more available mobile channels. Members share experiences, interests, opinions, presence information and personal content through their mobile devices. Mobile adds new capabilities to social networking, such as location-related services and new visualization mechanisms.A current trend for social networking websites, such as Facebookis to create mobile apps to give their users instant and real-time access from their device. Some person shareÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦All major smartphone platforms, Android, BlackBerry,iPhone, Symbian and Windows Mobile, support development of third party applications. Each platform provides its own approaches to application development and applicatio n level resource management. 1.1 Problem Outline In prior work, providing the privacy in mobile social networking sites, considered tools for protecting sensitive information in mobile social networks and testing methodology has used for better protection of sensitive information on social networks and provide the several ways for improve social network privacy. Unfortunately users have no control on sharing data outside their space that who can see their photo and who misuse of data. Now we are going to work on create the key generated work to give the better privacy in mobile social network. Through which users may be involved in the control of a large number of shared photos/data. We have faced many problems regarding social networking sites. In , present several of these privacy and security issues, along with our design and implementation of solutions for these issues. Location-based services to query local mobile devices for usersÃ¢â¬â¢ social network information, without disclosing user identity or compromising usersÃ¢â¬â¢ privacy and security. In this paper problem work in GPS, but some person not open our GPS so there are not share over location. In , the secure friend discovery process as a generalizedShow MoreRelated Social Networks Essay1380 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOver the past decade the internet has become a important part of everyday life by people of all ages. The internet is used for a variety of purposes, such as finding information, buying and selling products, watching television shows, finding friendships and searching for entertainment, but the main use for the internet is communication. Three quarters of American adults have been online, with even more teens (93%). Almost all of those internet users say their main purpose for going online is forRead MoreSocial Networking Sites1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocial networking sites Online social networking site is a very common tool for communicating and socializing with each other. Nowadays, most of the adolescent like to use Facebook. There is a rapid growth of the number of user of social networking sites. According the recent research, Kreutz (2009) stated that Ã¢â¬Å"starting from 1997 to 2010 there are some 1.5 billion users of social networking websitesÃ¢â¬ (p.222). This shows that how popular the social networking site is. Although many parents thinkRead MoreIs Social Networking Essential to Modern Life? Essay1043 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswithout interactions between people. Breakthroughs in fields such as, medicine and space exploration are a result of thoughts of large groups of people uniting by communication. Beginning from an era of sending letters to ancient phones followed by emails and presently social networking . Online social networking is the use of an Internet website that enables self -identify and connection with other members based on one or more elements of commonality . Social networking is promptly dominating theRead MoreSocial Media And Its Impact On Society1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocial media has consumed our society. 47% of American adults used social networking sites in 2011 like Facebook, Myspace, and Twitter; up from 26% in 2008(quoted from procon.org) the aspects of social media both have a positive and negative impact on life. Social networking sites promote interaction with distant family and friends. Social networking sites can demonstrate opportunities to strengthen existing relationships and to develop new friendships as well. The downfall of social media sitesRead MoreSocial Media And Social Networking1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWith technological advancements, social media has diversified the way news is distributed around the globe and how billions of people interact with each other. Close to 2.5 billion people will be part of social networking by year 2017. LinkedIn, founded in 2002, is one of the first websites to make a substantial move in the networking market. Since 2002, LinkedIn has grown to over 300 million users and is still growing. It is a place for job applicants to search for job positions by adding theirRead MoreEffects Of Social Networking On Children And Adults1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSocial networking sites are largely used all across the globe. Being more accessible and reasonable, people rely on these sources to stay connected with their kiths and kins. Today, social networking sites have become a bandwagon, turning all other sources of media obsolete, as they are easy on the pocketbook and give freedom of speech to express oneÃ¢â¬â¢s views. But, think about the negative impacts which social networking sites impose on children and adults. As everything has pros and cons, so doRead MoreThe Strength of Social Networking Sites Essay1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCommunicating in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society has become a lot ea sier with social networking sites allowing us to communicate with people through technological devices. Facebook, being one of many social networking sites, allows people to connect with friends and family in our surroundings and across the seas. Originally, Facebook was started in a Harvard dorm room in 2003 by one of its students, Mark Zuckerburg. It began as a social network for Harvard students and then quickly expanded to universities acrossRead MoreIt Is Safe To Say That Social Media Has Enormously Impacted1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages It is safe to say that social media has enormously impacted and changed todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Relationships in the workplace, school, and personal lives have been re-defined and shaped so much so, that individuals can even share their everyday life with whomever they please with the simple click of a button. If social networking if performed correctly, it can be a great tool in helping an individual stay connected with the people in their lives, get a job, or keep up on local events around town. ItRead MoreThe Basic Parameters Of Self Disclosure1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1994, p.187). In other words, it is up to the speaker to decide what they do or do not wish to intentionally share about themselves, and who to share that information with; it is how you present yourself. The basic parameters of self-disclosure are outlined by Paul C. Cozby as (a) breadth or amount of information dis- closed, (b) depth or intimacy of information disclosed, and (c) duration or time spent describing each item of information. (1973, p. 75). The use of self-disclosure can increase the levelRead MoreUse of social media by college students5731 Words Ã |Ã 23 PagesResearch Use of social media by college students: Relationship to communication and self-concept Megan Sponcil Youngstown State University Priscilla Gitimu Youngstown State University Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine social media use among college students and how it affects communication with others, and college students self-concept. In this study, students completed a questionnaire which assessed personal use of social media, communication skills with friends and family
LaurieÃ¢â¬â¢s lies In the story Ã¢â¬Å"CharlesÃ¢â¬ , Shirley Jackson vividly creates an entertaining main character, Laurie, through a description of his own looks, clothing, his own words, and actions. Shirley Jackson shows Laurie as having three main personality traits. Laurie can be best described as rude, impish, and disruptive. We will write a custom essay sample on Characterization in Ã¢â¬Å"CharlesÃ¢â¬ or any similar topic only for you Order Now Early on in this story Laurie shows us his rude behavior when he starts kindergarten. Laurie is rude to everyone. He is rude to his teacher, his dad, and his mom. He says to his dad Ã¢â¬Å"hey pop you old dust mopÃ¢â¬ . ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s rude most dads would have slapped him. Laurie shows another trait later on in the story Ã¢â¬Å"impishÃ¢â¬ . He got in trouble and the whole class stayed to watch what would happen. He also makes up this character Charles he tells his mom that Ã¢â¬Å"Charles does whatever he really does at school. Ã¢â¬ That is just some really impish attitude. Laurie also has a third trait disruptive. Laurie disrupts the whole class a lot in this story. He tells a little girl in his class to say a bad word. Ã¢â¬ The little girl did and got in trouble. Then Laurie goes ahead and says the word himself and gets in trouble. That shows disruptive behavior. In our world today kids are the same. They all do stuff to get attention. This story will bring to parents attention how their kids act when they are not around. All kids today can have the same characteristics as Laurie does rude, impish, and disruptive. How to cite Characterization in Ã¢â¬Å"CharlesÃ¢â¬ , Essay examples
Saturday, April 25, 2020
The term Ã¢â¬Ësurfing the internetÃ¢â¬â¢ was invented because of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior of randomly roaming from one website to another. Internet surfing essentially involves causal clicking of different web links one after the other in search of similar or related information. As such, it is important to note that internet surfing was only possible after the invention of the World Wide Web.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Reasons for surfing the internet specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Given the vast information that is currently available on the internet, most people especially the young adults have found themselves being addicted to internet surfing. However, it should be noted people surf the internet reasons. This paper is therefore an in-depth analysis of the various reasons that make people surf the internet. Since the invention of the internet, it is agreeable that it is one of the most important i nnovations to be made by man. This is because of the many benefits it has proved to have to people of all generations. The list of things that can be done on the internet is endless. First of all, the young adults most of who comprise of students normally surf the internet for educational information, corresponding via electronic mails, chatting with their distant friends and downloading music and applications among other uses (Himanshu 1). Through surfing the internet, the young adults/ students have been able to share information with their colleagues by creating their own websites that show their interests. Internet surfing has also made it possible for people to share memories via videos and pictures. Students have also had the privilege of attending online classes through internet surfing without having to physically move from their homes. This has had the benefit of helping students overcome geographical boundaries and be able to study at educational institutions of their choi ce. The other reason that the young adults and students surf the internet is to reconnect with their old and current friends through social networks such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace just to mention a few (Himanshu 1). The adults surf the internet for various reasons, which include online shopping instead of having to literally move from one shopping mall to another. This way, they manage to save much time that could be utilized in other important matters. The internet has also made it possible for people to make online payments for instance, using PayPal. This has made it easy for people to carry out transactions faster, without delay of payments as witnessed in most of the cheque system. Surfing the internet also helps in giving information regarding places that people would like to visit for holidays.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Travellers are able to gather information re garding different places and have the option to choosing the best without having to waste time and money travelling to the physical places. In addition to this, children also surf the internet or games, which they play online during holidays. People at work can also surf the internet for games and other leisure materials as they take a break from the busy schedule. In fact, a study conducted in 2009, indicated that surfing the internet by workers increases their productivity (Cheng 1). From the aforementioned reasons of surfing the internet, it can be clearly depicted that internet surfing has been of significant help to the lives of almost people in the society regardless of age. The only problem that could arise due to internet surfing is internet addiction that could compromise the roles and obligations of an individual such as studying for the students, working for the employees and even feeding for the young children. As such, it is important that internet surfing is done with limitations to avoid chances of being addicted. Works Cited Cheng, Jacqui. Study: surfing the internet at work boosts productivity. 2009. Web. https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2009/04/study-surfing-the-internet-at-work-boosts-productivity/ Himanshu, Sheth. 10 reasons why people use internet. 2011. Web. http://www.blogtechnika.com/10-reasons-why-people-use-internet/ This essay on Reasons for surfing the internet was written and submitted by user Finley Russo to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Why think essays Uniqueness is a personal quality many people strive for. It is defined in the Merriam Webster Online Dictionary as: being without a like or equal. One can acquire this quality by thinking. When one thinks they express their opinions, ideas, intentions, expectations, judgments, conceptions, or reflections about anything possible. Without thinking people would just do anything that came into their minds without weighing the positives or negatives in effect maybe even causing harm to others. It would be so much easier to brainwash a person because one knows that they are not going to have an opinion and just concur. This is what has been happening in society and it has taken over. People are not necessarily thinking for us but they are influencing our judgments. This is why it is necessary to think and express our thoughts it is not only wise for the individual but for the well being of society. Many believe that when thinking is permitted into the wrong hands or to people who dont hav e the mental capabilities to judge good from bad it will ruin society. They believe there should be an overlying heavy force controlling our thoughts to protect mankind. A philosopher by the name of Jean-Jacques Rousseau believes that the general will can only be truly effective if each citizen expresses only his own opinion (Cahn 431). Karl Marx also believes that without thinking thoroughly we would be losing ourselves. The brain is the most powerful part of our body. It controls when we eat, sleep, wake, and all other life activities. It is the boss of our body. Without the brain we would all be the same. Wed be lifeless bodies and there would be nothing that would differentiate us from the next person except for physical appearance. The largest part of the brain is the cerebrum. It makes up 85 percent of the brain and is in charge of thinking. This is the one difference between human beings and animals...
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Overview of the US Civil War Battle of Richmond In 1862, Confederate Major General Kirby Smith ordered an offensive into Kentucky. The advance team was led by Brigadier General Patrick R. Cleburne who had his cavalry led by Colonel John S. Scott out front. On August 29th, the cavalry began a skirmish with Union troopers on the road to Richmond, Kentucky. By noon, the Union infantry and artillery had joined the fight, causing the Confederates to retreat to Big Hill. Pressing his advantage, Union Brigadier General Mahlon D. Manson sent a brigade to march towards Rogersville and the Confederates. Dates August 29-30, 1862 Location Richmond, Kentucky Key Individuals Involved Union: Major General William NelsonConfederate: Major General E. Kirby Smith Outcome Confederate Victory. 5,650 casualties of which 4,900 were Union soldiers. Overview of the Battle The day ended with a brief skirmish between the Union forces and CleburneÃ¢â¬â¢s men. During the evening both Manson and Cleburne discussed the situation with their superior officers. Union Major General William Nelson ordered another brigade to attack. Confederate Major General Kirby Smith gave Cleburne the order to attack and promised reinforcements. In the early morning hours, Cleburne marched north, won against Union skirmishers, and approached the Union line near Zion Church. Over the course of the day, reinforcements arrived for both sides. After exchanging artillery fire, the troops attacked. The Confederates were able to push through the Union right, causing them to retreat to Rogersville. They tried to make a stand there. At this point, Smith and Nelson had taken command of their own armies. Nelson attempted to rally the troops, but the Union soldiers were routed. Nelson and some of his men were able to escape. However, by the end of the day, 4,000 Union soldiers were captured. More significantly, the way north was open for the Confederates to advance.